Synopsis[ edit ] Chomei introduces the essay with analogies emphasizing the impermanence of nature, setting a pessimistic view for the rest of this work. Those who were caught near it choked and collapsed. Others instantly died. Chomei goes on to recount a great whirlwind that raged on from Nakanomikado and Kyogoku to Rokujo during the Fourth Month of Jisho 4.
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Synopsis[ edit ] Chomei introduces the essay with analogies emphasizing the impermanence of nature, setting a pessimistic view for the rest of this work.
Those who were caught near it choked and collapsed. Others instantly died. Chomei goes on to recount a great whirlwind that raged on from Nakanomikado and Kyogoku to Rokujo during the Fourth Month of Jisho 4. The wind blew on for several blocks. No homes were spared; homes were reduced to posts and beams, and others were flattened. The wind blew items, boards, and shingles from the homes into the sky along with dust that obscured it.
Although people objected, the emperor, ministers and high officials still moved. Those who depended on the capital left with them while others were left behind. Houses went in to ruin, and plots of land became barren fields. Chomei takes a chance to visit Fukuhara, in which he sees that the city was too crowded for proper streets and nature always beat Fukuhara with violent winds. Officials who usually wear court robes also wear simple clothes now. The uneasiness of disorder set into the capital, and eventually the fears became true.
The capital was moved back to Kyoto. The houses of those who moved were never the same. People abandoned their land; some moved to the mountains. Buddhist prayers and rites were performed to remedy the situations but to no effect. Beggars began to fill the streets, and the famine became an epidemic in the second year. Bodies of those who starved lined the streets with almost no passage for horses and carriages.
Some tore down their houses for simple resources to sell for spare change; others went to the extent of stealing Buddhist images and temple furnishings to sell. Chomei also gruesomely describes," I also saw a small child who, not knowing that his mother was dead, lay beside her, sucking at her breast. He counted their bodies lining from Ichijo of the north to Kujo of the south and Kyogoku of the east to Suzaku of the west totaling in 42, Corpses, although there were more.
After the earthquake subsided, there came a period of aftershocks which lasted 3 months. This was during the Saiko era around , when many significant events occurred: the great earthquake, and the head falling from the Buddha at Todai Temple.
Chomei also shares his experiences in this time period. Then, when he lost his father, he could no longer live in the house, because it reminded him of past memories. Since then, he has created a house only for himself, made of earth materials and bamboo posts. During times of snowfall and wind, his house would be in great danger of falling apart. At the age of 50, Chomei left his house and became secluded from the world: he was not married and he did not have any children.
He did not have any relatives that he felt it would be hard to leave behind. Chomei was jobless and had no income. Chomei spent five years living on Mount Ohara. When Chomei reached the age of 60, he decided to build another house that would last him until the end of his life.
This house was significantly smaller than the others he built: only ten feet square in terms of area, and seven feet in height. Land is not necessary for him, according to Chomei, because with a makeshift house, he can easily move it around. His ten-foot square hut is near the woods in Toyama. His accessibility to the woods makes gathering kindling easier. Despite a year age difference, him and the boy are great friends. At night, he gets emotional when thinking of his early life and old friends.
Chomei then tells of how he thought his stay in his ten-foot square hut would be temporary. However, he has lived in it for five years and feels as though it is his home. He knows very little of life in the capital and does not relate to the people there. He lacks ambitions and only seeks tranquility. When he feels distressed, he rests his body. When he feels strong, he works it. Military rulers seized the court and set about a medieval feudal -like structure. Cyclic cosmology foretold of its decline in which aristocrats enacted the move from city life to reclusion in nature for religious Buddhist pursuits.
As the overpowering rule continues, there is also a transition from optimistic Buddhism to pessimistic Buddhism. From this one experience, he advises others that investing in a residence in a capital is irrational. Wealth brings many fears poverty brings cruel hardship. Look to another for help and you will belong to him. Take someone under your wing, and your heart will be shackled by affection. However, he fails.
Zuihitsu[ edit ] Zuihitsu style is a style of writing in which a person is reacting to his or her surroundings. In Hojoki, the Zuihitsu style is seen as Chomei is giving his account of what is happening around him and is contemplating on how others are reacting to certain situations. Chomei focuses on the theme of dissatisfaction that comes from people of lower rank and the hardships they face because of this.
We cannot reckon the many ways in which we trouble our hearts according to where we live and in obedience to our status. The effects were remarkable. Mountains crumbled and dammed the rivers; the sea tilted and inundated the land. The earth split open and water gushed forth…people who were inside their houses might be crushed in a moment.
Bo Juyi was known for writing poetry that focused on his career or observations about his everyday life. Bo Juyi can be seen as an influence for Hojoki,  since many his works were done in the observational, Zuihitsu style, in which Hojoki is written in.
Kamo no Chōmei
Introduction Kamo no Chomei was born into a family of Shinto priests in Kyoto, Japan, and began his career as a poet at the imperial court. There Chomei published an essay on poetic technique. He later gave up Shintoism and became a Buddhist monk, spending much of his time as a hermit living in a small, isolated hut. Chomei wrote the essay An Account of My Hut Hojoki , in which he describes the advantages of a life of isolation and tranquility compared to the turbulence, hazards and upheavals of city life. The essay, recognized as a masterpiece in the Japanese essay tradition, is believed to be autobiographical. In it, Chomei explains that he enjoyed the pleasures of writing and music in his hut, two activities that are more often associated with participation in society rather than a life of solitude.
KAMO NO CHOMEI HOJOKI PDF
The bubbles that float in the pools, now vanishing, now forming, are not of long duration. So in the world are man and his dwellings. On the twenty-ninth day of the fourth moon of , a great whirlwind sprang up in the northeast of the capital and violently raged as far south as the sixth ward. Every house, great or small, was destroyed within the area engulfed by the wind. Some were knocked completely flat, others were left with their bare framework standing. The tops of the gates were blown off and dropped four or five hundred yards away, and fences were swept down. Innumerable treasures from within the houses were tossed into the sky.
Early life[ edit ] Born with the name Kamo no Nagaakira, he was the second son of Kamo no Nagatsugu, sho-negi or superintendent, of the Lower Kamo Shimogamo shrine. He was also known by the title Kikudaifu. The exact year of his birth is unknown, but thought to be either or , with being the generally accepted date. At the time, the Upper and Lower Kamo Shrines owned large amounts of property around the Kamo River, northeast of the Heian capital Kyoto , holding great power and prestige among the aristocracy. The Kamo Festival Aoi Matsuri , occurring in the middle of the fourth month, was considered the most important Shinto event and is vividly depicted in literature of the time, most notably in Chapter Nine of The Tale of Genji. Ill health and political maneuvering led his father to retire in , however, and in the early s he died.