INDUSTRIAL SAFETY AND HEALTH MANAGEMENT ASFAHL PDF

Unique in approach, Industrial Safety and Health Management, 6th Edition combines — in one volume — an exploration of the time-tested concepts and techniques of safety and health management, a modern perspective on compliance with mandatory standards for workplace safety and health, and a variety of solved problems, case studies, and exercises. It provides reasons, explanations, and illustrations of the hazard mechanisms that form the underlying basis for the volumes of detailed standards for workplace safety and health. The new edition focuses on more of the real issues future safety and health practitioners will encounter, such as dealing with enforcement, protecting workers from ergonomic hazards, and accommodating the latest advances in process technology. Synopsis Unique in approach, Industrial Safety and Health Management, 6th Edition combines—in one volume—an exploration of the time-tested concepts and techniques of safety and health management, a modern perspective on compliance with mandatory standards for workplace safety and health, and a variety of solved problems, case studies, and exercises. Specific chapter topics cover Concepts of Hazard Avoidance, the impact of federal regulation, process safety and disaster preparedness, buildings and facilities, ergonomics, health and toxic substances, environmental control and noise, flammable and explosive materials, personal protection and first aid, fire protection, materials handling and storage, machine guarding, welding, electrical hazards, construction, robotics and nanotechnology. About the Author David Rieske is an industrial engineer and has worked in manufacturing in the areas of production and health and safety.

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Some standards are frequently cited because these standards cover 1 areas in which industries are having difficulty complying, or 2 areas in which enforcement agencies are giving a great deal of attention, or both. Many aspects about the standards might be useful. The text emphasizes the importance of the "why" behind the standards that do exist. It is an unattainable goal. Such a strategy fails to recognize the need for discrimination among hazards to be corrected.

A safety hazard is acute, causes or threatens to cause injuries, and is usually more obvious than a health hazard. A health hazard is chronic, causes or threatens to cause illness in the long run, and is usually more subtle than a safety hazard. Some example safety hazards: unguarded belts, pulleys, gears, saws, and punch presses; fires; explosions; open platforms; defective ladders; welding near open flammable or combustible materials; overloaded or defective cranes, hoists, or slings; ungrounded electrical equipment; exposed live electrical conductors.

Some example health hazards: coal dust, cotton dust, chronic loud noise, welding fumes, asbestos, vinyl chloride, lead fumes, mercury, manganese, cadmium. Some valid examples are spray paint, coal dust, benzene, and carbon disulfide. Some valid examples are noise, welding, and radiation. Health hazards are usually more subtle than safety hazards; the industrial hygienist must look for "unseen" hazards. Safety hazards may appear more grave, but there are probably many This sample only, Download all chapters at: alibabadownload.

Work training, statistics, job placement, industrial relations. A comprehensive safety and health program involves engineering, and placement of the function within the personnel department may restrict authority too much.

This places the Safety and Health Manager in an adversarial position with enforcement officials. CPSC concentrates on the responsibility of the manufacturers of the machines and equipment, whereas OSHA concentrates on the responsibility of the employer who places the equipment into use in the workplace. OSHA is concerned with hazardous exposures to workers, i.

EPA is concerned with hazardous exposures to the public, particularly as these hazards affect the earth, water, and atmosphere. Many safety and health hazards inside the plant and outside are the same, or are caused by the same chemical agents or physical factors. Prior to passage of the OSHA law occupational health seemed remote and not of a great deal of concern.

Plant nurses were concerned with first aid and physical examinations. After OSHA, occupational disease prevention rose in importance. This incident showed that dangerous working conditions do not just impact the workers, but everyone around a facility.

These are industries in which the failure of a system can be catastrophic. The achievement of worker safety lies principally in the hands of the workers themselves and their direct supervisors; thus it is principally a line function. Safety and health managers, however, are staff positions. Acting as a facilitator in assisting, motivating, and advising the line function in achieving worker safety and health. They too often are such emotional crusaders for the cause that they lose their credibility and with it their eligibility to be considered a "manager.

That safety must be achieved by line personnel facilitated by the staff function. Go to top management to re-determine its level of commitment to safety and health. The workers compensation system is a state, not federal system. The system is nearly years old; the first workers compensation laws were introduced into state legislatures in The ostensible purpose is to protect the worker by providing statutory compensation levels to be paid by the employer for various injuries that may be incurred by the worker.

An ulterior feature is immunity from additional liability for the employer, except where "gross negligence" can be proven. Management contends that some risk is inescapable in any line of work. Therefore, their answer to the question is no. An industrial safety consultant employed by an insurance company.

Also other variations in conditions, such as employment levels and recession cycles. The "lost workdays" method would not reveal some very serious accidents, especially fatalities, that do not cause a loss of a workday. One that is work related and requires medical treatment.

Frequency measures the numbers of cases per standard quantity of workhours. Severity measures the total impact of cases in terms of total "lost workdays" per standard quantity of workhours. Seriousness is the ratio of severity to frequency and measures the average seriousness of all cases. All three are obsolete terms now. For general records: 5 years Chapter 5 will reveal longer retention requirements for certain records.

Yes; they can help to discover hazards, but they can also dilute responsibility for workplace safety and health and can degenerate into spy parties. Without adequate orientation, safety and health committees can often become unreasonable. Direct costs are the "tip of the iceberg" compared to indirect costs. Cost of damage to material or equipment.

Cost of wages paid for time lost by the injured worker. Extra cost of overtime work necessitated by the accident. Cost of wages paid supervisors for time required for activities necessitated by the accident. Wage cost caused by decreased output of injured worker after return to work. Cost of learning period of new worker. Uninsured medical cost borne by the company. Cost of time spent by higher supervision and clerical workers.

Miscellaneous costs such as public liability claims, rental equipment, and lost sales. Noninjury accidents are usually caused by the same types of conditions and practices that result in injury accidents. First-line supervisors 2. This firm is approximately six times as dangerous as the "average firm" in the private sector.

Even compared to the most dangerous industries in Figure 2. The "traditional frequency rate" of 80 is not comparable to Table 2. Had the "lost workday cases" rate been calculated using the , factor, the result would have been This would compare with a general "private sector" rate of 3. So, by the "lost workday cases" criterion also, this is a very dangerous firm.

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Industrial Safety and Health Management, 6th Edition

Unique in approach, Industrial Safety and Health Management, 6th Edition combines — in one volume — an exploration of the time-tested concepts and techniques of safety and health management, a modern perspective on compliance with mandatory standards for workplace safety and health, and a variety of solved problems, case studies, and exercises. It provides reasons, explanations, and illustrations of the hazard mechanisms that form the underlying basis for the volumes of detailed standards for workplace safety and health. The new edition focuses on more of the real issues future safety and health practitioners will encounter, such as dealing with enforcement, protecting workers from ergonomic hazards, and accommodating the latest advances in process technology. From the Publisher: As Industrial Safety and Health Management continues to change, this text addresses the latest changes and standards set forth by government agencies. From the Back Cover: Unique in approach,Industrial Safety and Health Management, 6th Editioncombines-in one volume-an exploration of the time-tested concepts and techniques of safety and health management, a modern perspective on compliance with mandatory standards for workplace safety and health, and a variety of solved problems, case studies, and exercises. Specific chapter topics cover Concepts of Hazard Avoidance, the impact of federal regulation, process safety and disaster preparedness, buildings and facilities, ergonomics, health and toxic substances, environmental control and noise, flammable and explosive materials, personal protection and first aid, fire protection, materials handling and storage, machine guarding, welding, electrical hazards, construction, robotics and nanotechnology.

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