FOREX RESERVES SBP PDF

For reserves excluding gold, see List of countries by foreign-exchange reserves excluding gold. Foreign-exchange reserves also called Forex reserves are, in a strict sense, only the foreign-currency deposits held by national central banks and monetary authorities See List of countries by foreign-exchange reserves excluding gold. However, in popular usage and in the list below, it also includes gold reserves , special drawing rights SDRs and International Monetary Fund IMF reserve position because this total figure, which is usually more accurately termed as official reserves or international reserves or official international reserves, is more readily available and also arguably more meaningful. These foreign-currency deposits are the financial assets of the central banks and monetary authorities that are held in different reserve currencies e. Before the end of the gold standard , gold was the preferred reserve currency. Some nations are converting foreign-exchange reserves into sovereign wealth funds , which can rival foreign-exchange reserves in size.

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The trade deficit in services, also improved by 30 percent to USD 2. Zafar Mirza will lead the Pakistani delegation in the conference. Radio Pakistan Oil rockets higher, boosting global equities April 23, Beaten-down US oil prices rallied Wednesday following dramatic declines earlier this week, lifting global equities, even as American crude inventories surged closer to capacity levels.

WTI sank into negative territory on Monday for the first time, but that was for the May contract that expired Tuesday. The price surge Wednesday came after US President Donald Trump threatened to shoot at Iranian boats in a key waterway for crude shipments after Washington accused its arch-foe of harassing its ships in the Gulf. But oil market watchers also were fixated on a weekly US inventory report that showed another big jump in crude stockpiles, including at the Cushing, Oklahoma hub where analysts say there is little remain space for more oil.

The commodity has been further weakened by a battle for market share that raged much of the spring between Saudi Arabia and Russia. Some analysts think a historic agreement last week between the two producers and other leading exporters could improve the supply-demand balance in the latter half of The Gulf is a major gateway for oil to reach international markets, and previous spikes in tensions between US and Iranian vessels have seen crude prices similarly surge higher.

The oil rally helped boost equities in Europe and the US, where major indices finished up two percent or more. Still, analysts described broad investor unease due to uncertainty on when the US economy will reopen following coronavirus lockdowns and on how quickly activity will return.

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