Unlike phobias , which are the aversions and fears that people have of things in their environment, philias are the attractions and positive feelings that people have toward organisms, species, habitats, processes and objects in their natural surroundings. Although named by Fromm, the concept of biophilia has been proposed and defined many times over. Aristotle was one of many to put forward a concept that could be summarized as "love of life". Diving into the term philia, or friendship, Aristotle evokes the idea of reciprocity and how friendships are beneficial to both parties in more than just one way, but especially in the way of happiness. Chapter 7 of the same book reports on the help that animals can provide to children with autistic-spectrum disorders. For example, adult mammals especially humans are generally attracted to baby mammal faces and find them appealing across species.

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As terrible as these catastrophes would be for us, they can be repaired within a few generations. The one process ongoing in the s that will take millions of years to correct is the loss of genetic and species diversity by the destruction of natural habitats. This is the folly that our descendants are least likely to forgive us. Wilson Climb the mountains and get their good tidings.

The winds will blow their own freshness into you, and the storms their energy, while cares will drop off like autumn leaves. Aldo Leopold I think that I shall never see a poem as lovely as a tree. Joyce Kimer Security is mostly a superstition. It does not exist in nature, nor do the children of men as a whole experience it. Avoiding danger is no safer in the long run than outright exposure. Life is either a daring adventure or nothing. Helen Keller Animals are not brethren, they are not underlings; they are other nations, caught with ourselves in the net of life and time.

Henry Beston For every walk in nature one takes away more than one seeks. John Muir Do not think that love in order to be genuine has to be extraordinary.

What we need is to love without getting tired. Be faithful in small things because it is in them that your strength lies. Mother Teresa May your trails be crooked, winding, lonesome, dangerous, leading to the most amazing view. May your mountains rise into and above the clouds. Edward Abbey Society speaks and all men listen, mountains speak and wise men listen.

John Muir There can be no purpose more inspiriting than to begin the age of restoration, reweaving the wondrous diversity of life that still surrounds us. Edward O. Wilson Conservation is a state of harmony between men and land. Aldo Leopold The more clearly we can focus our attention on the wonders and realities of the universe about us, the less taste we shall have for destruction. Thoreau The only progress that counts is on the actual landscape of the back forty.

Aldo Leopold Applied ecology is difficult, but not impossible. Action has to be taken… solutions will require intellectual and empirical depth well beyond what is now available, as well as commitment, money, organization, and work. Most significantly, applied ecology requires rethinking the basis of how ecological problems and their solutions are approached. It is almost too late to start, but tomorrow is even later.

Slobodkin and D. Dykhuizen, Creative minds always have been known to survive any kind of bad training. Anna Freud Our task must be to free ourselves…by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature and its beauty. Albert Einstein Every morning I awake torn between a desire to save the world and an inclination to savor it. This makes it hard to plan the day. White So often doing good involves a kind of grimness. To assault evil, even small evil, with mischief, cleverness, merriment, and laughter — that takes genius few of us have but which, when it is found, graces the human scene and makes progress both possible and palatable.

Robert Fulgum I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived. Wordsworth We can either create assets for the future or take the assets of the future. One is called restoration and the other exploitation.

Working for the earth is not a way to get rich, it is a way to be rich. Paul Hawken Love the animals, love the plants, love everything, you will perceive the divine mystery in things. Once you perceive it, you will begin to comprehend it better everyday. And you will come at last to love the whole world with an all-embracing love.

Fyodor Dostoyevsky People usually consider walking on water or in thin air a miracle. But I think the real miracle is not to walk either on water or in thin air, but to walk on earth. All is a miracle. Thich Nhat Hanh The mirror of nature reflects my inner world, the essence of humanity, and the great, all-embracing expanse of life itself. Only when we connect to nature, engaged with nature, are we truly alive and vigorous. To really be alive, one must be under the sun, the moon, the shining stars and surrounded by the beautiful greenery and pure waters of the natural world.

Daisaku Ikeda And the King shall answer…inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto Me. Matthew There is pleasure in the pathless woods, there is rapture in the lonely shore, There is society where none intrudes, By the deep sea, and music is its roar. I love not man the less, but nature more. Lord Byron You must be the change you wish to see in the world. Chip Giller The Eyes of the Future are looking back at us and they are praying for us to see beyond our own time.

They are kneeling with hands clasped that we might act with restraint that we might leave room for the life that is destined to come. To protect what is wild is to protect what is gentle. Perhaps the wildness we fear is the pause between our own heartbeats, the silent space that says we live only by grace.

Wilderness lives by this same grace. Wild mercy is in our hands. Terry Tempest Williams I only went for a walk, and finally concluded to stay out till sundown, for going out, I found was really going in.

John Muir If we want things to stay as they are, things will have to change. Giuseppe Di Lampedusa What is life? It is the flash of a firefly in the night. It is the breath of a buffalo in the wintertime. It is the little shadow which runs across the grass and loses itself in the sunset. Crowfoot I realized that if I had to choose, I would rather have birds than airplanes. Charles Lindbergh Every aspect of our lives is, in a sense, a vote for the kind of world we want to live in. Wash your spirit clean.

John Muir It seems to me that we all look at Nature too much, and live with her too little. Oscar Wilde Study nature, love nature, stay close to nature. It will never fail you. Frank Lloyd Wright Security is mostly a superstition. Avoiding danger is no safer in the long run that outright exposure. John Muir.


Biophilia hypothesis

See Article History Biophilia hypothesis, idea that humans possess an innate tendency to seek connections with nature and other forms of life. Wilson in his work Biophilia , which proposed that the tendency of humans to focus on and to affiliate with nature and other life-forms has, in part, a genetic basis. The human relationship with nature Anecdotal and qualitative evidence suggests that humans are innately attracted to nature. For example, the appearance of the natural world, with its rich diversity of shapes, colours, and life, is universally appreciated. This appreciation is often invoked as evidence of biophilia.

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Edward O. Wilson




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