All research assistants read the ADI manual, watched model interviews, practiced on volunteers, and were videotaped conducting practice interviews. CRAFFT Screening Test Although multiple substance use screening tools have been validated for use with adults, recent meta-analytic work identifies only a few screening processes that have substantial empirical support for use with adolescents However, self-report of alcohol and other drug use has been shown to be generally reliable and compares favorably with other methods of substance use detection. Drug and alcohol dependence. However, the necessity for an adolescent screening measure was made apparent by research findings suggesting that half of high school students drink, a third binge drink, and a fourth use marijuana. Although we can report on weekly or more frequent alcohol use, we cannot report our samples response to heavy episodic alcohol use, which is an important indicator for further assessment.

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Mikakasa CRAFFT Substance-related risks and problems Screening Questionnaire for Adolescents Substance abuse has been linked to both mental and physical health problems, making settings where adolescents receive medical care ideal places for screening and questionnaier intervention. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

Youth living with HIV may benefit from a holistic frafft approach to screening and qusetionnaire intervention which is integrated into HIV care settings Alcohol-associated motor vehicle accidents are a leading cause of questuonnaire among adolescents, 38 and a question regarding this risk should be a part of routine screening.

Early detection of harmful alcohol consumption: Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of a CRAFFT score of 2 or higher for identifying each of the 3 screening categories are presented in Table 2. All research assistants read the ADI manual, watched model interviews, practiced on volunteers, and were videotaped conducting practice interviews. Preventive services in a health maintenance organization. Archivos argentinos de pediatria. Youth were informed that the survey would ask questions about their health, sexual behaviors and substance use behaviors.

Predictors of self-reported adherence to antiretroviral medication in a multiside study of ethnic and racial minority HIV-positive youth. Also unknown is the likely outcome of universal screening, ie, what proportion of adolescent patients have alcohol- and drug-related disorders.

Thus, future research is warranted to use more advanced statistical modeling to better understand the predictive validity of the CRAFFT. Sign in to download free article PDFs Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account.

The screen can be orally administered, and it has a convenient mnemonic, based on key words in each of the 6 yes or no questions. Fifth, the CRAFFT was not designed to screen for tobacco use; thus, although screening positive on the CRAFFT appears to be associated with tobacco use in this sample, without further information it is unclear whether this is because tobacco is commonly co-used with other substances or whether the CRAFFT can be used specifically to screen for tobacco use as well.

Adult programs rarely accept younger questoinnaire, and they are not designed to respond to the unique developmental needs of younger or older adolescents. Current resources are not adequate to meet this need.

Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account. Am J Obstet Gynecol. The majority of sample self-reported a male gender identity Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

In light of the risks associated with substance questionnaiee, screening YPLH for substance use is critical. International Journal of Drug Policy. In clinic settings such as ours, one fourth of patients need at least a brief intervention, and one sixth likely need referral to a treatment specialist.

Drug use is highly prevalent among adolescents, 2 and most providers would likely prefer a single test that can screen for all psychoactive substances simultaneously. Simple yes or no questions that lend themselves to mnemonic acronyms are ideal. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Although ACASI technology was used to mitigate social desirability bias, the self-reported data from this study may still be subject to social desirability and recall bias; thus, to the extent that some participants may have underreported and others over-reported is unknown. A Practical GuideIssue 5th ed. After a thorough explanation of the study and its procedures, staff obtained signed informed consent or youth assent from all youth who agreed to participate. International Journal of Addiction.

However, if we identified a serious problem, we would notify their primary care provider so that he or she could arrange appropriate care, which could include involving their parents. J Am Dent Assoc. Privacy Policy Terms of Use. Annals of Internal Medicine. We transformed participant age into a dichotomous variable ie, younger youth and older youth quesstionnaire on the sample median to preserve adequate cell size for analyses. A call for screening.


Evidence based assessment/Instruments/CRAFFT Screening Test

This is a health tool that screens for substance abuse drug and alcohol use in adolescents with potential risk factors. The test comprises of six main questions and there are also three preliminary questions usually asked in order to determine whether the subject should be administered the CRAFFT questionnaire. In the following lines you will find all the questions used and their instructions while the CRAFFT screening test above employs only the 6 main questions in calculating and interpreting the result. This aims to be the young person version for substance related high risk behaviors similar to what the CAGE or the FAST alcoholism questionnaire represents for adults.


Evidence based assessment/Instruments/CRAFFT Screening Test



CRAFFT Substance-related risks and problems Screening Questionnaire for Adolescents


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