CHRYSOPHYLLUM CAINITO PDF

Other Uses One of the relatively minor fruits of the family Sapotaceae, the star apple or goldenleaf tree, Chrysophyllum cainito L. The Chinese in Singapore call it "chicle durian". The alternate, nearly evergreen, leaves are elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 2 to 6 in cm long, slightly leathery, rich green and glossy on the upper surface, coated with silky, golden-brown pubescence beneath when mature, though silvery when young. Small, inconspicuous flowers, clustered in the leaf axils, are greenish-yellow, yellow, or purplish-white with tubular, 5-lobed corolla and 5 or 6 sepals. The fruit, round, oblate, ellipsoid or somewhat pear-shaped, 2 to 4 in cm in diameter, may be red-purple, dark-purple, or pale-green. It feels in the hand like a rubber ball.

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Other Uses One of the relatively minor fruits of the family Sapotaceae, the star apple or goldenleaf tree, Chrysophyllum cainito L. The Chinese in Singapore call it "chicle durian". The alternate, nearly evergreen, leaves are elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 2 to 6 in cm long, slightly leathery, rich green and glossy on the upper surface, coated with silky, golden-brown pubescence beneath when mature, though silvery when young.

Small, inconspicuous flowers, clustered in the leaf axils, are greenish-yellow, yellow, or purplish-white with tubular, 5-lobed corolla and 5 or 6 sepals. The fruit, round, oblate, ellipsoid or somewhat pear-shaped, 2 to 4 in cm in diameter, may be red-purple, dark-purple, or pale-green. It feels in the hand like a rubber ball. Both have soft, white, milky, sweet pulp surrounding the 6 to 11 gelatinous, somewhat rubbery, seed cells in the center which, when cut through transversely, are seen to radiate from the central core like an asterisk or many-pointed star, giving the fruit its common English name.

They appear black at first, with a light area on the ventral side, but they dry to a light-brown. Origin and Distribution It is commonly stated that the star apple is indigenous to Central America but the eminent botanists Paul Standley and Louis Williams have declared that it is not native to that area, no Nahuatl name has been found, and the tree may properly belong to the West Indies.

However, it is more or less naturalized at low and medium altitudes from southern Mexico to Panama, is especially abundant on the Pacific side of Guatemala, and frequently cultivated as far south as northern Argentina and Peru. It was recorded by Ciezo de Leon as growing in Peru during his travels between and It is common throughout most of the Caribbean Islands and in Bermuda.

In Haiti, the star apple was the favorite fruit of King Christophe and he held court under the shade of a very large specimen at Milot. The star apple is grown occasionally in southern Florida and in Hawaii where it was introduced before There are some trees in Samoa and in Malaya though they do not bear regularly. The tree is grown in southern Vietnam and in Kampuchea for its fruits but more for its ornamental value in West Tropical Africa, Zanzibar, and the warmer parts of India.

It was introduced into Ceylon in , reached the Philippines much later but has become very common there as a roadside tree and the fruit is appreciated. Varieties Apart from the two distinct color types, there is little evidence of such pronounced variation that growers would be stimulated to make vigorous efforts to select and propagate superior clones.

William Whitman of Miami observed a tree yielding heavy crops of well-formed, high quality fruits in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, from late January to the end of June. He brought budwood to Florida in Grafted progeny and trees grown from air-layers have borne well here even prior to reaching 10 ft 3 m in height. This introduction, named the "Haitian Star Apple", is propagated commercially for dooryard culture. Seeds of the Port-au-Prince tree have produced seedlings that have performed poorly in Florida.

Climate The star apple tree is a tropical or near-tropical species ranging only up to 1, ft m elevation in Jamaica. It does well only in the warmest locations of southern Florida and on the Florida Keys.

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Star Apple Info – How To Grow A Cainito Fruit Tree

Overview[ edit ] It has numerous common names including cainito, caimito, tar apple, star apple, purple star apple, golden leaf tree, abiaba, pomme de lait, estrella, milk fruit and aguay. It is also known by the synonym Achras cainito. In Cambodia, this fruit is called "Plae Teuk Dos" which means milk fruit due to its milky juices inside. The tiny flowers are purplish white and have a sweet fragrant smell.

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Chrysophyllum cainito

It is one of the most attractive tropical fruit trees for its foliage. The common name of this fruit is derived from the star-like appearance of the core when the fruit is cut in cross section. The fruit has a mild grape-like flavor, and is best eaten fresh. It is one of the few trees that grows well in highly alkaline soils. Native to tropical America, this fruit tree is now grown commercially in Central and South America as well as tropical Asia and Africa.

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