ASHTADHYAYI TRANSLATION PDF

Introduction As you might have realized, Panini is difficult. His work is not something you can understand by reading it through from beginning to end. We must understand, however, that the Ashtadhyayi was originally taught orally; students learned the work by heart and could recall any individual rule at will. So, what do we do? A summary in words The Ashtadhyayi is a list of rules. But these rules, too, are lists: of verbs, of suffixes, and so on.

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Date and context[ edit ] Father of linguistics The history of linguistics begins not with Plato or Aristotle, but with the Indian grammarian Panini. This means Panini lived in Salatura of ancient Gandhara , which likely was near Lahor , a town at the junction of Indus and Kabul rivers, [48] which falls in the Swabi District of modern Pakistan. He must, therefore, have been technically a Persian subject but his work shows no awareness of the Persian language.

It complements the Vedic ancillary sciences such as the Niruktas , Nighantus , and Shiksha. It is highly systematised and technical. Inherent in its approach are the concepts of the phoneme , the morpheme and the root. His rules have a reputation for perfection [62] — that is, they tersely describe Sanskrit morphology unambiguously and completely.

This metalanguage is organised according to a series of meta-rules, some of which are explicitly stated while others can be deduced. This text attracted a famous and one of the most ancient Bhasya commentary called the Mahabhasya. It is the earliest known philosophical text of the Hindu Grammarians.

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The Ashtadhyayi. Translated into English by Srisa Chandra Vasu

Date and context[ edit ] Father of linguistics The history of linguistics begins not with Plato or Aristotle, but with the Indian grammarian Panini. This means Panini lived in Salatura of ancient Gandhara , which likely was near Lahor , a town at the junction of Indus and Kabul rivers, [48] which falls in the Swabi District of modern Pakistan. He must, therefore, have been technically a Persian subject but his work shows no awareness of the Persian language. It complements the Vedic ancillary sciences such as the Niruktas , Nighantus , and Shiksha.

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श्री रुद्राष्टाध्यायी ( गुजराती भाषांतर )

This section does not cite any sources. History of Indian Literature. Frits Staal — discussed the impact of Indian ideas on language in Europe. Within the main text, these clusters, referred through the anubandhas, are related to various grammatical functions.

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