For part of his studies, he researched behavioral neurology under the supervision of Norman Geschwind of the Aphasia Research Center in Boston. Damasio might believe that emotions play a critical role in high-level cognition—an idea counter to dominant 20th-century views in psychology, neuroscience and philosophy. Damasio formulated the somatic marker hypothesis ,  a theory about how emotions and their biological underpinnings are involved in decision-making both positively and negatively, and often non-consciously. Emotions provide the scaffolding for the construction of social cognition and are required for the self processes which undergird consciousness. Diener et al. Archives of Scientific Psychology, , 2, 20—
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Descartes is the real rigorous physicist here - he was after all one of the people who devised physics. Matter for Descartes was just the inert occupancy of a space extension. So physics consisted of the interaction of spirit and matter. His mistake was to think that there had to be one special spirit unit.
Leibniz sorted that out in However, by that point, this book had already changed my life. Damasio provides here a popular account of research in neuroscience that started with the famous case of Phinneas Gage, who, upon having a railroad spike shoved through his head by an explosion, changed from being an upstanding, reliable citizen into a scurrilous bastard with a gambling problem. From this, as well as experimental work with other victims of brain damage, Damasio draws the conclusion that "reason" as we typically think of it is not an abstract process, but a fundamentally embodied one: the brain and the body are in constant communication, and the brain uses feedback from the body to evaluate, prune, and select for further exploration the branches of a decision tree that, for even the most minor of problems "when should we get together next?
My interest in cognitive science and neuroscience were the natural outgrowths of my interest in computers and science fiction. I grew up, as did most people of my generation, with the metaphor of the mind as a computer, executing logical programs in a way that would have made Aristotle - and Descartes - proud. I knew from studies of psychology how apparently irrational the human mind could be, but until I read this book, I always thought the mind was, fundamentally, a separate thing from the body.
This book convinced me they are, at least as we implement them, inseparable. Damasio illustrates this Rene Descartes was a 17th French philosopher and scientist, often called the father of modern philosophy.
O Erro de Descartes
Muito tempo para a vida. Humanas, demasiado humanas, para glosar Nietzsche. Pareceria mais adequado! O Erro de Descartes". Embora sem citar o nome de Kant, afirma "
El error de Descartes
O Erro de Descartes