These principles provide a blueprint for elected officials to create compact, mixed-use, walkable, transit-oriented developments in their local communities. Cities and counties across the nation have adopted them to break the cycle of sprawl. Since then, the Ahwahnee Principles for Economic Development in , the Ahwahnee Water Principles in and the Ahwahnee Principles for Climate Change in have been developed to complement this pioneering vision. Ahwahnee Principles for Economic Development Prosperity in the 21st Century will be based on creating and maintaining a sustainable standard of living and a high quality of life for all.
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These principles provide a blueprint for elected officials to create compact, mixed-use, walkable, transit-oriented developments in their local communities.
Cities and counties across the nation have adopted them to break the cycle of sprawl. Ahwahnee Principles: Existing patterns of urban and suburban development seriously impair our quality of life. The symptoms are: more congestion and air pollution resulting from our increased dependence on automobiles, the loss of precious open space, the need for costly improvements to roads and public services, the inequitable distribution of economic resources, and the loss of a sense of community.
By drawing upon the best from the past and the present, we can plan communities that will more successfully serve the needs of those who live and work within them. Such planning should adhere to certain fundamental principles.
Community Principles All planning should be in the form of complete and integrated communities containing housing, shops, work places, schools, parks and civic facilities essential to the daily life of the residents. Community size should be designed so that housing, jobs, daily needs and other activities are within easy walking distance of each other. As many activities as possible should be located within easy walking distance of transit stops.
A community should contain a diversity of housing types to enable citizens from a wide range of economic levels and age groups to live within its boundaries. The location and character of the community should be consistent with a larger transit network. The community should have a center focus that combines commercial, civic, cultural and recreational uses. The community should contain an ample supply of specialized open space in the form of squares, greens and parks whose frequent use is encouraged through placement and design.
Public spaces should be designed to encourage the attention and presence of people at all hours of the day and night. Each community or cluster of communities should have a well-defined edge, such as agricultural greenbelts or wildlife corridors, permanently protected from development. Streets, pedestrian paths and bike paths should contribute to a system of fully-connected and interesting routes to all destinations. Their design should encourage pedestrian and bicycle use by being small and spatially defined by buildings, trees and lighting; and by discouraging high speed traffic.
Wherever possible, the natural terrain, drainage and vegetation of the community should be preserved with superior examples contained within parks or greenbelts. The community design should help conserve resources and minimize waste. Communities should provide for the efficient use of water through the use of natural drainage, drought tolerant landscaping and recycling. The street orientation, the placement of buildings and the use of shading should contribute to the energy efficiency of the community.
Regional Principles The regional land-use planning structure should be integrated within a larger transportation network built around transit rather than freeways. Regional institutions and services government, stadiums, museums, etc. Materials and methods of construction should be specific to the region, exhibiting a continuity of history and culture and compatibility with the climate to encourage the development of local character and community identity. Implementation Principles The general plan should be updated to incorporate the above principles.
Rather than allowing developer-initiated, piecemeal development, local governments should take charge of the planning process. General plans should designate where new growth, infill or redevelopment will be allowed to occur.
Prior to any development, a specific plan should be prepared based on these planning principles. Plans should be developed through an open process and participants in the process should be provided visual models of all planning proposals. Walking, biking, transit use, and public life often all but vanish when traffic engineers impose a narrow view of what a street should accomplish.
About the Ahwahnee Principals Cities everywhere are facing similar problems — increasing traffic congestion and worsening air pollution, the continuing loss of open space, the need for costly improvements to road and public services, the inequitable distribution of economic resources, and the loss of a sense of community. The problems seem overwhelming and we suffer from their consequences every day. City character is blurred until every place becomes like every other place and all adding up to No Place. Many of our social, economic and environmental problems can be traced to land use practices adopted since World War II.
Ahwahnee Principles for Resource-Efficient Communities
Tetaxe Later, during the automobile industry boom, cities became less centralized, causing societies to isolate themselves within urban sprawls. S has started to incorporate The Ahwahnee Principles in their urban planning. This pushes the use of walking, bicycles, and transit use. A key measure is the accessibility of these spaces to people with a range of physical abilities and financial resources. Community size should be designed so that housing, jobs, daily needs and other activities are within easy walking distance of each other. Community principles [ edit ] The following principles, also noted as the Ahwahnee Principles for Resource-Efficient Communities were made by the Local Government Commission in The location and character of the community should be consistent with a larger transit network.